Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Around the globe, there are more than half a billion people, ranging from all ages to all genders, who are suffering from diabetes. Furthermore, it stands in the top 10 reasons for most comprehensive disability and death tolls. Pakistan has also seen a drastic rise in type 2 patients in the last decade. However, this ailment, or body disorder, can be managed as a permanent treatment. In this blog post, you will get information about type 2 diabetes treatment. Doctors Hospital and Medical Centre (DHMC) also provide customised treatment plans for patients with type 2 diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that results from a body dysfunction when the body does not perform the carbohydrate metabolism at its optimal. Either cannot use the insulin, or the pancreas does not create enough of it. The natural hormone that controls blood sugar is insulin. Uncontrolled diabetes frequently results in hyperglycaemia, also known as elevated blood glucose or elevated blood sugar, which, over time, seriously damages numerous bodily systems, including the blood vessels and neurons.
Types of Diabetes
There are many types of diabetes. However, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are the most common variations throughout the world. The other name of Type 1 diabetes is ‘insulin-dependent diabetes’. If the human body can’t produce insulin, it results in high sugar levels that are unmanaged. Therefore, often type 1 diabetes patients are required to inject insulin regularly.
On the other hand, if the pancreas produces insulin but is not enough to manage, the blood glucose increases. It is type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, it is more common in comparison to type 1 diabetes. According to the latest studies, worldwide, there are more than half a billion people who have type 2 diabetes. Similarly, in Pakistan, around 26.7 % of adults are affected by diabetes, counting approximately 33,000,000 of the entire population by 2022.
In addition to these, there are also some other types of diabetes which are not so common. For instance, Gestational diabetes can be developed in the mothers-to-be during pregnancy. Those who have no diabetes beforehand can also fall prey to this type of diabetes. However, detailed care is the only solution to get rid of it. Also, it often disappears once a baby is born. However, mothers who experienced gestational diabetes fall at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes is a complex medical disorder. There is no permanent cure to reverse this disease. However, if it is developed inside the body, there are certain strategies that must be followed as prescribed by professional medical specialists. People with diabetes can live a long and healthy life with proper maintenance and comprehensive diabetes care.
Furthermore, healthy weight management, with an active lifestyle and healthy eating, can maintain glucose levels naturally. If the change is not visible, then doctors and diabetologists may prescribe medication and further support as they feel fit after examination.
Let’s look further at the diabetes treatment options.
Diabetes Type 1 Treatment
There is no permanent cure for type 1 diabetes. However, there are life-long treatment options that can help patients with type 1 diabetes to live long and healthy lives. All these treatments are available at Doctors Hospital, Lahore.
Since people with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin, they need to replace it through insulin therapy. There are several ways to monitor insulin effectively, including:
- Multiple daily injections: Many people with type 1 diabetes use insulin pens or syringes to inject insulin multiple times a day. This approach can involve different types of insulin, such as rapid-acting, short-acting, or long-acting insulin, to mimic the body’s natural insulin release.
- Insulin pumps: Insulin pumps are small devices that deliver a continuous supply of insulin throughout the day. They can be programmed to release different amounts of insulin at specific times. Users can also give themselves additional insulin doses (boluses) as needed.
Islet Cell Transplant
If insulin injections also become less effective in managing the blood glucose levels and the patient experiences frequent and swerve episodes of hypoglycaemia, the doctor may suggest an option for an islet cell transplant. Also, regular glucose monitoring is mandatory to be done regularly as prescribed by your diabetologist.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
If you are affected by type 2 diabetes, you can control and manage your glucose levels with lifestyle changes and medications. The following options are workable for type 2 diabetes treatment.
The patients with type 2 diabetes may need proper medication to push their pancreas to produce enough insulin and manage the glucose levels in their body. However, you cannot take any medicine without consulting a professional diabetologist. Your medical care professional will suggest these medicines after analysing your body’s requirements.
Weight Loss Surgery
In case you are obese with type 2 diabetes, there are chances that your doctor or diabetologist may suggest you undergo the weight loss surgery. According to the research, cutting down the extra fat helped to control diabetic conditions.
On the contrary to medical treatment, many patients with type 2 diabetes can manage and control their blood glucose levels with permanent lifestyle changes. A healthy diet and regular exercise can do wonders in type 2 diabetes treatment. Even these changes are proposed by the doctors with medication.
However, in most cases, patients with type 2 diabetes do not need insulin therapy. However, this treatment is still beneficial and workable for a few patients. If the medications stop working on your body, the diabetologist may suggest insulin injections as per your body condition and the levels of blood glucose.
Emotional Support & Encouragement
Whether you or anyone close to you has the disease of diabetes, please remember to stay in contact with your doctor and make regular visits to maintain your health. Furthermore, patients with diabetes go through drastic body changes due to fluctuating glucose levels, so it is essential for the people close to them to provide complete emotional support to them.
It is important to encourage them to strengthen their willpower to fight against this body disorder. Type 1 or type 2, even the patients of Gestational diabetes, can experience swift mood swings. Staying supportive is the key to keeping them going.
Comprehensive Diabetes Care in Lahore
Doctors Hospital and Medical Centre (DHMC) provides a complete range of comprehensive diabetes care in which you can get in touch with professional diabetologists and endocrinologists. DHMC is always providing customised treatment options for patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2. Our professional doctors incorporate the type 2 diabetes treatment with empathy, care, and professionalism.